Care for eggplants in the greenhouse: tips gardener

Growing eggplants at their summer cottage is not an easy task, since this vegetable crop does not tolerate the absence of sun, lack of moisture and night frosts, which are possible in central Russia even in May. It is better to grow eggplants in the greenhouse, which significantly increases the chances of a crop.

Planting and maintenance of seedlings

If the greenhouse does not have heating, then it is better to plant the seedlings in early June, then the plants will root faster. Planting is made in pre-moistened and fertilized soil. For manure suitable manure or compost. You can also add a little peat, wood ash and sawdust to the soil.
By the time of planting, young plants should have five to six leaves. Eggplants are a light-loving and heat-loving culture, so a greenhouse or greenhouse for them must be equipped on the sunny side of the plot.
Seedlings should be placed at a distance of 40-55 centimeters from each other. Then there will be five to six bushes on one square meter.They can be arranged not in rows, but in a staggered manner.
After planting, the soil should be compacted and watered with a small amount of water at room temperature. In the soil, it is desirable to add a little peat or humus, so that young plants get enough nutrients.

Growing eggplants in the greenhouse

The first ten days of the seedlings require daily watering. Then you can water the eggplants once a week. Watering should be moderate, about six liters of water are needed per square meter of soil. Excess moisture for eggplants is as dangerous as its deficiency. The best time for watering is early morning.
In addition to watering eggplants require periodic feeding and loosening the land around the bushes. Phosphorus and potash fertilizers contribute to the timely fruiting of this vegetable crop. Top dressing should be made at least three times over the summer.
On hot days, when the air temperature reaches +30 ° C, the greenhouse must be aired. The high temperature has a bad effect on the growth of eggplants, plants may die from overheating. To control the temperature in the greenhouse it is recommended to keep a thermometer.
It is advisable to tie up grown plants. In the greenhouse, eggplant bushes usually grow several times higher than in open ground. Therefore, long stems can break under the weight of ripe fruit. Deformed fruit is recommended to remove with a secateur. On one bush should be left no more than five or seven fruits. Otherwise, eggplants will be too small and unripe, which will negatively affect their taste.