How did the English language come about?
The English language throughout its formation was subjected to numerous transformations and confusions. And so, as formed the English language in the form in which we know it now.
Anglo-Saxons called the tribes of the Angles and Saxons. They moved to England from the banks of the Elbe and the Weser, as well as from Jutland in the 5th century. They communicated in the Saxon language - one of their low Germanic adverbs. After a while, the Celts they had conquered assimilated, so the Anglo-Saxon language of communication appeared in England. As a result of the Viking raids, and then the king of southwestern Britain, in the 8th century, neighboring kingdoms were united, which was called England.
The period of Normandy conquest by the Vikings
In the 9th century, the Vikings captured the coastal French districts of Neustria. At that moment, Carl Prostatus, the ruler of France, had no opportunity to drive away the invaders, as a result of which it was decided to negotiate with the Viking leader, Golf.The result of these negotiations was that the Vikings became the actual owners of the northern part of France. Then they quickly switched to the dialect of the French language.
The period of the liberation of England from the Danes
At the beginning of the 11th century, the Vikings had practically no influence on England. This took advantage of the King of the Danes - Svein and easily conquered it. Thanks to the rule of Kanauta the Great from 1015 to 1035, Denmark managed to achieve its highest peak. It should be noted that England was part of the state Kanauta. After his death, the power of the Danes was overthrown. It happened in 1042. Then Edward the Confessor became the king of England. He maintained a very close relationship with the duchy in France. He was replaced by Harold Gorvins, who was Scandinavian in origin. He immediately began to repel attempts to capture England by the king of Norway.
The period of the conquest of England by William the Conqueror
Reflecting on how English appeared, one more important period should be considered. Wilhelm, ruler of Normandy, in the middle of the 11th century decided to make an attempt to conquer England. Having received a blessing from the Pope, he landed a fifteen thousand army in the south of England. England could not fight back, her king was killed in battle.After this, William was proclaimed the English king, who began to rule England in accordance with the Norman laws. The British, who were the root elite, were removed from virtually all important posts not only in the state, but also in the church. In this case, absolutely all Anglo-Saxon bishops were replaced by bishops from the French duchy, and the lands belonging to the Anglo-Saxon elite were confiscated, after which they were distributed to the soldiers of William the Conqueror. In addition, William the Conqueror, expelling the settlements of the Anglo-Saxons, organized in the vast territories of protected hunting grounds. So, the ruling elite spoke Norman-French. He was considered the official state language, and the Anglo-Saxons spoke in their native Saxon. In this case, none of the languages could not oust the other. So how did English appear? And he appeared after a large amount of time by mixing the Narman-French and Saxon languages, and by the end of the 15th century English became the official language of England. Currently, English is one of the most popular in the world.For people who know it, there are many more possibilities.