How do plants live?
If you want to know what conditions a plant needs in order to grow, develop and germinate, you need to imagine yourself placed in the soil, says American plant breeder, agronomist and farmer Jevons. In this case, you will immediately realize that the environment in which you were placed is cozy and comfortable, it is not hot and not cold, the soil is light enough and contains a lot of nutritious food. Plants live by this principle, where they feel comfortable, they take root, where something is missing, they die. Consider, in our article, how plants live.
Basic about plant life
Plant life is very similar to the stages of human development. In each period of development, both man and plant need different nutrition: first of all, the juices of the grain itself, the second chemical elements of soil minerals with a sparing solution, and in the third, more complex food during the period of fruiting and growing. If a person artificially created the soil, and in one fall he fertilizes it in the fall or spring, the seed will develop poorly or will not come to life at all. At the same time, chemical elements are formed in the soil in which the seeds of plants do not even have the ability to ascend.
In the initial period of life, plants can develop poorly, and sometimes even die. And here it becomes clear that under well-created conditions, it will please the gardener. Therefore, in order to care for the plants, it is not enough just to put in manure and to scatter mineral fertilizers, but just need to know that plants, like people, need different food at different ages.
What plants eat
Nature can create different food at different times of the year. After winter, the soil loses its saturation and soil solutions. Populations gradually begin to revive only with the onset of spring heat. Soil live microorganisms awake.
They feed on plants with what the man “fertilized” the soil. In the daytime, the roots of the plants inject soil solutions. The soil contains 18% oxygen, 80% nitrogen, 0.3% carbon in the composition of CO2. The basis of the mass of the skeleton of a plant is carbon. Since carbon in the air is not enough, you need to add it to the fertilizer. Apply nitrogen fertilizers excessively no sense. There are many in the air. 98-94% of the material they take from the air of the atmosphere, using the process of photosynthesis.Plants themselves create the right amount of organic matter in the soil, its presence is necessary in the soil. Atmospheric air is important to the aerial parts of plants and the roots. Therefore, atmospheric air must always flow into the soil.
At night, the nutritional process works in the reverse order - it goes from the leaves to the roots. Environmentally friendly products are when they are collected early in the morning, when the plant has not yet begun to pass through the soil minerals.
For high yields you need:
- the soil should not overheat and freeze;
- filter and retain soil solutions on plant roots;
- be able to eat with atmospheric air;
- to be loose for the entry of air and moisture;
- the presence of most chemical elements.
Where do plants live?
There are more than 375,000 different types of plants on Earth.
As to where the plants live, it can be said that they live everywhere, even where a person’s foot does not step. They adapted to growth on the ground, in water, in sand, and even in artificially created environments (in laboratories), as well as in flowerpots. Plants can multiply with the help of wind, water and animals.At first glance, this seems simple, but, in fact, it is a very complex process, for each plant its own special one.
Plants are also divided into several species according to the duration of their existence. For example, an oak tree can live for 700 years, and every year its condition will only improve, and there are one-day plants, which, once born, immediately die. How long the plants live also depends on where they live and whether the habitat in which they live is suitable for them.
The role of water in plant life
Water plays a fairly significant role in plant life. It is itself in the composition of the living plasma of the plant. All substances move inside in the form of aqueous solutions. Plants constantly use water for their lives.
There are also plants that are submerged in water, in whole or in large part of their body. They are called hydatofits, hydrophytes and hygrophytes, depending on the degree of surface moistening and their immersion in water. Plants living in water will not be able to exist on land if it is poorly hydrated.
Thus, it can be concluded that there are a lot of plants on our land and each of them has its own particular structure and characteristics of development and habitat.It is impossible to level all plants under one lanka and talk about them in general, they, like people, are very individual.