How not to burn under the scorching rays of the sun?
The beach season is in full swing, which means that many enjoy sunbathing on weekends. And it does not always end with a smooth and beautiful tan, some get burned. And how to sunbathe, so as not to burn?
First of all, you need to choose the right time for sunbathing. The sun becomes most active when it is at its zenith, because almost direct rays fall on the earth's surface, which enhances their negative influence. And the highest activity is observed from 12 pm to 16 pm. At this time, it is better to sit at home.
It is desirable to sunbathe either before the dangerous period, or after it. So, in the morning hours, the time is considered to be safe up to 11 hours. In the evening, it is advisable to start taking sun baths after 17:00. But this only minimizes the consequences, but does not prevent them, because even during these hours you can get burns, if you do not follow some recommendations.
Choosing the right sunscreen
How not to burn in the sun? To do this, choose an effective, high-quality and, importantly, suitable sunscreen. And what to look for when choosing it?
- Form release. It is best to buy a cream, as it does not evaporate as quickly as gels and sprays, and also provides moisture. The oil can leave marks on the swimsuit and heat the surface of the skin, increasing the risk of burns.
- Sun protection factor. The brighter your skin, the higher should be the indicator. So, if you are a fair-skinned blonde, then choose a product with a sun factor of 40-50 SPF. Red haired fit option from 35 to 40 SPF. If you have beige skin and light brown hair, then choose a cream with a sun protection factor of 20-30 SPF. And if you are dark, then 10-15 SPF will be enough for you.
- Pay attention to the expiration date: if it expired or expires, then the remedy will not be effective enough.
Properly use the selected tool
A few rules for using sunscreen are:
- It is advisable to apply the cream twenty minutes before the start of the sun period so that it can soak in and begin to act. If this is not possible, then treat the skin immediately, coming to the beach, and then cover yourself or go to the shade and wait a bit.
- Repeat the application about every hour, because the tool will actively evaporate under the influence of sunlight, that is, its effect will weaken.
- Even if you chose a waterproof cream, it will still be washed off with water, albeit not completely. So after each bathing treatment should be repeated.
- If you sunbathe for the first time in a year, then use a more potent agent, because your skin is not prepared and vulnerable.
- Some protruding or exposed parts of the body, such as the face, back and shoulders, burn much faster, so they need to pay special attention. Firstly, apply a more dense layer of product on them, secondly, regularly repeat the treatment, and thirdly, choose a product with a higher protection factor to protect such zones.
How to sunbathe so as not to burn?
So, what to do to make the tan safe? If you came to the beach for the first time, then your skin is especially vulnerable. In this case, to stay in the sun should be no more than five minutes, this is quite enough. Then the time of exposure to ultraviolet light can be increased to 10 minutes.
Gradually bring it up to 20-30 minutes.Then you can increase the duration, but this does not mean that you are allowed to lie on the beach all day, it is dangerous. Periodically move in the shade or under an umbrella and do not forget to swim to cool the body. In addition, be sure to drink more to avoid dehydration, the risk of which during prolonged exposure to the sun increases significantly.
Important: if you feel a burning sensation, then immediately close the body. And if there are such symptoms as dizziness, nausea or weakness, be sure to move to a cool place and drink cool water.
Tip: be sure to wear a hat. It will not protect against burns, but will protect you from sunstroke.
- Remember that even if the day is overcast, it does not mean that the sun is inactive. Even in bad weather, about 30-40% of the rays reach the earth's surface and, therefore, the risk of burning still remains.
- Even if you do not lie on the beach, and swim, you will not protect yourself from burns, because in the water, ultraviolet radiation can intensify. So apply a sunscreen even before bathing.
- Some people advise you to get ready for sunburn and go to a tanning salon several times to get used to your skin.But in fact, do not do this, moreover, it is dangerous and can increase the negative impact of ultraviolet radiation. But still some preparation will be useful. So, try to moisturize the skin as much as possible, because if there is enough moisture in it, the damage will not be as significant as when exposed to the dehydrated derma.
- As for creams intended for use after sunbathing, they do not affect the quality of sunburn. But some contain panthenol, natural oils and other regenerating and moisturizing ingredients that will help the skin recover faster if it is still exposed to excessive and negative UV light.
- Caution should be exercised even in cool or windy weather. Although it will not be hot, and burning sensation when rays hit the skin may not occur, this does not mean that the sun is less active. Its impact will be exactly the same as on a hot day.
- Try making a sunscreen at home. To do this, mix two teaspoons of zinc oxide, a quarter cup of beeswax and coconut oil, as well as half a cup of olive or almond oil.The oils will moisturize, the wax will give the desired consistency, and the zinc oxide will provide UV protection.
Let the tan be pleasant and safe!