How to choose an overlock?
Before deciding on how to choose an overlock, let's see what it is all about. Many believe that the overlock and sewing machine - the same thing. However, this is not at all the case. Overlock is a device that is designed to process the edges of any product. Modern overlock - addition to the sewing machine. It can simultaneously trim excess material, sew parts and at the same time, sweep over the edges.
What is overlock
Overlock is an excellent helper in the treatment of seams in work with easily flaking and moody fabrics. It is simply impossible to do without overlock in work with knitwear. Overcasting of cuts is carried out simultaneously with the grinding, thereby giving elasticity to the seams and preventing tearing as a result of stretching. Any modern overlock has a differential fabric conveyor. With its regulation, you can get a beautiful wavy effect of the fabric or its seating.
How to choose an overlock for the house, what needles and threads are needed? It should be noted that almost all modern overlocks allow the use of standard sewing needles.Threads can be domestic or imported - to taste. The use of colored, textured and silk threads together with the overlock will give a unique look to your product.
Today, overlocklots from Brother (Japan) and Janome (Japan) are very popular. The overlocks of these firms are distinguished by an acceptable price and quality of tailoring and can be performed by regular overlock stitches. Virtually the entire range is noisy in work. And the bottom-trimmed knife for trimming the edge wears out pretty quickly. Brother and Janome provide overlock for the home, for not very frequent use.
More demanding customers will love the overlock brand Juki (Japan) and Bernina (Switzerland). Their machines have a more accurate adjustment of the tension of the threads, which allows to bring overlocks to professional ones as closely as possible. Knives on these machines are installed from top to bottom, which allows to extend the shelf life of the knife itself and improves the quality of trimming of the processed material (knitted knitwear, bulk materials). The overlocks Juki and Bernina are notable for their quiet operation (with the exception of machines of the low-end Bernina 610D series).They can easily cope with both dense denim, having several layers, material, and with thin delicate fabrics. Therefore, before choosing an overlock, think about your preferences, wishes and financial possibilities.
Types of overlockers
Household 4 thread. Often he handles a material cut into four threads (two lower threads and two coal ones) and three threads (one lower and two needle threads). Some models allow you to reconfigure overlock on two-thread processing, for example - Bernina 880DL and Elna 664 PRO. In such models it is possible to turn off one of the loopers of the machine. At the same time there will be one lower and one needle thread. Almost all models of any selected manufacturer provide the opportunity to perform the same number of seams, just the quality will vary.
Household overlock with stitching seams. If you do not need cutting of the fabric during its processing (making a decorative seam in the center of your product), then you can find such a model. This machine has a special ability to implement both conventional standard overlock seams and complex knitwear. If you are going to use a knit (stitched) seam, then in this case you should give preference to a five-thread overlock. Peniton overlocks are divided into two types:
- Peniton household overlocks with back stitches (Bernina 1300MDC, Juki MO-735) equipped with all kinds of back stitching and overlock joints. They can be with a knife for cutting fabric or without it.
- Overlock having overlock stitches and classic five-thread seam. This overlock cannot perform sewing seams, but only five-thread and classic overlock seams.
Coverlock is an overlock that performs a sewing seam. Such a machine can perform almost the same function as a regular overlock, but is distinguished by the presence of an additional looper loop of a chain stitch, which makes it possible to carry out a flat (spreading) stitch, also known as a knit stitch. One of the most common models of this type of machine is the Merry Lock 3000.
Overlock, what to choose for yourself, what to look for? First you need to decide what exactly you need overlock and already from this and make a start when choosing a particular model. If you are going to overlay sections of thick and medium fabrics with the help of overlock, then for this the most suitable models will be: Brother 3034D, Plaff 4752, Family 244D. And such models as Janome 784D, Janome 714D, Pfaff 4842, in addition to three and four thread, can perform two thread stitches.
An overlock equipped with a chain stitch looper is much more expensive, but it gives the opportunity to perform flat seams with two, as well as three needle parallel stitches on the front side of the product. This overlock can also be used as a spreader.
Pay attention to the presence of additional upper thread layers in your chosen model. They allow you to perform two-sided decorative flat seam. This addition has the model Pfaff Coverlock 4874, which performs seven beautiful decorative seams, three needle flat seam, as well as ten filament.
Differential transporter is another significant plus overlock that should be taken into account. It simplifies working with stretching fabrics, for example, knitwear. Thanks to this conveyor line will be more even, in contrast to the usual typewriter, which often gives a wavy.
Considering how to choose the overlock, you should consider one more thing: the presence of the needle threader, for threading the needle. Such equipment significantly saves your nerves and time. For your overlock, you can purchase many different accessories that will improve and expand its abilities.