How to determine the tonality?

Andrey Kresrerev
Andrey Kresrerev
March 29, 2015
How to determine the tonality?

The concept of tonality in music is one of the basic ones. It means the height of the sounds of the mode. The key designation indicates the main tone, which indicates the height, as well as the name of the fret (major, minor).
In this article we will look at how to determine the tone of a piece of music.

Determining the tone of the melody

To determine the tone of the song, first you need to build a musical period. The musical period, that is, one finished part of the piece, consists of chords, which are arranged in a certain order. On the first step of the chord is determined by the whole tonality.

Thus, to determine the tonality, you must first select a specific piece of the work, namely the very first (usually it plays no more than 4 seconds). It is called the first tact. Selecting this fragment, you must loop. This can be done using a regular player. The menu of this player has the function "Cut Fragment".

Play the first piece over and over again, trying to determine the name of the fret. You can easily distinguish major from minor, since major notes are always positive, while minor notes bring sadness, thoughtfulness or anxiety. Also usually the major is characterized by high notes, while the minor, by contrast, is low.

Next, you need to go to the most difficult stage, namely the definition of the "reference" note of the first measure. In this case, a musical ear is useful to you, if you do not have one or your musical ear is not sufficiently developed, then you can ask for help to a person who has such a hearing. It is necessary to determine the most stable note, the one on which you can finish the work.

Having defined a note (tonic), you can already name the tonality. For example, if you define the tonic of the fa and major key of the song, then the tonality will be called F major.