How to whiten a white shirt?
White things - the very personification of purity and freshness. However, often, we see a picture of a woman in a shop wrinkling, shaking her head and putting the white shirt aside. Our vigilance when buying white things is understandable - over time they turn gray or turn yellow, and every spot that we have planted is difficult to remove without a trace. So how to whiten a white shirt at home and return her former appeal? Let's figure it out.
How to whiten a white shirt at home?
You, like any hostess, probably wondered more than once the questions "How to wash white shirts?". To whiten a shirt, as well as to wash a white blouse, you can at home, without resorting to the services of dry cleaning. If the appearance of a catastrophic stain caught you by surprise or you discovered that the shirt turned yellow, do not rush to run after bleach. Take a look around. Likely,what you need to clean white things is at hand.
How to wash a white shirt or blouse, if it is painted?
To begin, we will give a couple of tips that will help avoid the question of how to wash and whiten a shirt if it is stained.
New colored things, especially cotton, heavily molt, that is, they give a lot of color: try to wash such things separately not only from white, but also from other colors.
Always wash white items separately from colored ones.. Believe me, this will protect them from painting by 100%.
Even a small color insert on a white shirt, blouse or T-shirt can dye the white fabric. Therefore, such a thing should be washed a couple of times by hand and see if the color goes intensively from this part. If not, washable with the rest of the white things; if strong, repeat the manual washing procedure several times.
The higher the temperature of the water, the more likely white things will stain. For new things, choose a temperature not higher than 30 degrees.
So, important rules of washing white things are learned. Now we will answer the question itself, how can we wash an already painted white shirt or blouse? Let us tell you about 6 main ways of washing with the help of:
Each washing method will be discussed in more detail below.
How and what to wash the armpits and the collar of a white shirt from yellow spots?
Collar, armpits and cuffs are the most vulnerable parts of a white shirt. You can whiten a white shirt collar like this:
Stain removers and modern bleacheswill perfectly cope with the problem of stains on the collar of a white shirt. Follow application and safety instructions!
Collar contamination cleanedhousehold soap. Generously rub it with a white shirt and leave for 2-3 hours. After that, wash the clothes in the usual way. There will be no trace of dirt.
With a little dirt on the collar of a white shirt will helptalc. Sprinkle this powder on a damp shirt and leave overnight. In the morning, the fabric will be blindingly white.
Fatness from the collar is removeda mixture of 1 tbsp. l. salt and 3 tbsp. l. liquid ammoniamixed with 1/3 cup of water.
VinegarAlso able to clear shirt collar. Dampen the clothing collar with vinegar and leave for 30 minutes. After that, wash as usual.
Bleaching with ammonia
Bleaching shirts with saliva is a method known for a dozen years.In conjunction with hydrogen peroxide, the effect is especially impressive:
At 5 liters of hot water is added 1 tbsp. l. ammonia and 3 tbsp. l. peroxide. The white fabric is pre-washed as usual. The thing is placed in the solution for 1.5-2 hours.
Take care of the issue of airing the room where the mixture is induced, as ammonia has a specific unpleasant odor.
Clothes rinsed with warm and then cold water.
Almost the same way, but consisting of only 1 component - ammonia. In 5 liters of water, dilute 4-5 tbsp. l. ammonia. Soak in a white cloth for 2-3 hours. After soaking, wash clothes and rinse 2-3 times in cool water.
If the smell of ammonia you do not tolerate, try using hydrogen peroxide in combination with soda. It will take 2 liters of warm water (40-60 ° C) and 1 tsp. hydrogen peroxide. The mixture is stirred. To whiten the shirt from yellowing, you can use this solution with the addition of 1 tsp. soda To keep the color of the thing uniform, stir the thing during the soaking process. 15-20 minutes is enough. In this method of bleaching, hydrogen peroxide can be replaced with hydroperit tablets (an analog of peroxide). For 10 liters of water, you need 9 tablets.
A small strategic reserve of potassium permanganate will perfectly bleach white shirts. To prepare the solution will need:
5 liters of hot water;
200 g of washing powder;
a little crystals of potassium permanganate (water should become light pink color).
Pre-wiped cloth from ordinary dirt, place in the mixture and tightly cover the container with a lid. Leave the jacket soaked in a solution until the mixture has cooled to room temperature. Rinse clothes thoroughly.
How to wash potassium permanganate from white clothes?
It may also happen that potassium permanganate (also potassium permanganate) does not clean white clothes, but on the contrary - pollutes. This can happen with a strong concentration of the solution. In this case, we will have to wrestle with how to wash the potassium permanganate from the white clothes, and not how to clean the fabric with potassium permanganate.The most effective means for removing manganese from tissue is citric acid, and it can remove even old spots. A wet spot of potassium permanganate is sprinkled with citric acid powder and left soaked. After 30 minutes, the acid is washed off, if necessary, repeat the procedure, every 10 minutes watching the fabric.
Whitening with whiteness
Whiteness is a bleach having a chlorine content.Before applying whiteness to whiten a shirt, take care of precautions.:
Remove from the reach zone things that will deteriorate when exposed to white droplets.
Keep children away from whiteness.
Make sure that the bleach does not get into the eyes and on sensitive skin.
Use protective gloves.
Whiteness is added to the powder in warm water. 2-3 tbsp is enough l. 5 liters of water. Soaking lasts 20-30 minutes depending on the degree of contamination. Clothes rinsed in plenty of cool water.
Citric acid for whitening white things
Citric acid is an essential ingredient in the home. Thanks to her mistresses get rid of scum, dark circles from flower pots on the windowsills, calcareous deposits on the plumbing.
To whiten the white shirt with citric acid, add 2-3 tsp. substances when washing into powder.Citric acid copes well with difficult-to-remove stains.For this, the contaminated area of the shirt is moistened with water, and citric acid is poured on top. The stain will disappear after 15-30 minutes.
How to whiten a shirt with soda
No less popular tool for whitening white clothes - soda.It is safe for the body, thereforeeven baby clothes are whitened with soda. Four ways:
Appendix 2-3 of Art. l. soda to regular powder in a washing machine.
Soaking white clothes in a solution of 5 liters of warm water, 1/3 cup soda and 2 tbsp. l. ammonia. Leave the mixture in the mixture for 1-2 hours. If the white shirt is yellowed, then half an hour boiling in the same mixture will help. After applying the solution, the clothes are rinsed and washed with powder as usual.
Bleaching of children's clothes occurs in the same way as in method number 2, but without the addition of ammonia. The soaking period is increased up to 3-4 hours.
To whiten the white shirt from the stain will help soda, extinguished with vinegar. The mixture is applied to the dirt, after which the shirt is wiped.
Bleaching by type of fabric
Ways suitable for cotton will ruin the delicate fabric! Be careful!
Before bleaching the shirt, pay attention to the type of fabric and the features of handling it. The above methods of bleaching at home are not universal.
How to whiten a cotton shirt
You can whiten a white cotton shirt in one of three ways:
Suitable for cotton fabricboiling. Water is poured into the enameled container and detergent is added. It is necessary to boil for 30 minutes, occasionally stirring the clothes for uniform bleaching.
If a light cotton item turns yellow, it is bleached.household soap(72%). Thing lather abundantly and fold into a plastic bag. Tie it so that it does not allow air, and leave for a day. Rinse clothes.
Clean light cotton clothes will save on graysolution of ammonia and hydrogen peroxide. For 1 kg of white things you will need 1 tbsp. l. each solution. Soak the laundry for 30 minutes, then rinse in cool water.
How to bleach a linen shirt
Linen shirts are easy to whiten. This type of fabric delivers the least trouble. Bleaching methods:
Clothing is placed in an acetic solution (7%) for 2-3 hours. Then things are washed with a powder and rinsed.
Soapy water with ammonia will bleach the linen shirt from yellowness. The ammonia will soften the water, eliminating the negative effects on things with magnesium salts.
The white color of linen fabric will give turpentine. To bleach soak clothes in a solution of water and 5 tbsp. l. turpentine. Soaking lasts 12 hours.
With the regular need to bleach linen garments, the housewives make a solution of 5 liters of water and 0.5 kg of soda. The mixture is infused day, filtered, bottled and applied when it is needed.
To linen cloth is not washed to gray, add 2 tbsp. l. salt.
How to bleach a silk shirt
Silk items need careful washing before bleaching.Bleach silk blouse should be careful not to damage the delicate threads.. Bleaching methods:
Yellow spots from perspiration on the blouse are bleached with alcohol. Rub the problem areas things 2-3 times.
Dazzling whiteness of silk fabric is given with a solution containing 6 liters of warm water (30-40 ° C), 1 tbsp. l. washing powder, hydrogen peroxide and ammonia, as well as 4 tbsp. l. salt. Soak silk clothes for 1-2 hours, then rinse in cool water.
A whitening mixture of 2-3 lemons per 1 liter of water will help restore the former brightness of a white silk shirt. In this solution, things are soaked for 12 hours.
How to bleach a synthetic shirt
Bleach with chlorine has an unpredictable effect on synthetics: a thing may turn yellow or lose its aesthetic appearance. You can whiten a white synthetic shirt in other ways:
Mix 300 g of salt with 5 liters of warm water.Place the garments to be whitened in a container and soak for 2-3 hours. After that, wash things with powder and rinse.
Laundry soap saves from yellow stains on synthetics (72%).Clothing soaked in cool water for 2-3 hours, then rubbed with soap to obtain foam. White fabric is left for another hour in hot water, while the soap is not washed off. An hour later, the thing is washed, and the procedure is repeated again.
Stains are also removed with aspirin.It will take 2 tablets, softened in water. Gruel is applied to the stain for 2-3 hours before washing.
Bleach for shirts
Use bleach in accordance with the instructions on the packaging!To bleach a white shirt with bleach, you need to choose the right tool. What are the bleachers and what are the features of their use?
Chlorine bleach- aggressive, but effective tool. They are applied to dense fabrics and negatively affect delicate silk or chiffon.
Oxygen Bleach- hypoallergenic agent used for bleaching children's shirts.Bleaches do not spoil the structure of things, do not destroy or deform the fabric. Use bleach with oxygen is recommended in cool water.
Optical bleach- means that does not affect the fabric itself. Bleaching occurs due to the appearance of a thin optical film on the shirt, which gives the desired whiteness.
White shirt bleaching features
The shirt will remain snow-white longer, subject to the temperature regime of washing.
Follow the rules of washing white things so that they retain their dazzling color for a long time:
Light fabrics are erased separately from other things.
Linen and cotton clothes are washed separately from synthetic fabrics.
With long storage white shirts turn yellow. Do not keep them in this condition. Stubborn stains are harder to clean.
When washing white garments with color inserts and embroidery, it is recommended to add table salt to the powder so that the color is not washed and does not spoil the fabric.
Bleaching thins the structure of the tissue.Bleach white garments should be 3-4 times wash.
If the white shirt is gray, has acquired a yellowish tint, or you have spoiled the thing with wine, sauce and other difficult stains, use one of the suggested methods of bleaching.When applying aggressive agents, consider protective equipment. Secure your hands with gloves and restrict children's access to substances.