Viorica grape variety: description, characteristics, cultivation features
History of the variety
"Viorica" is from the USSR. The variety was bred by Moldovan breeders who decided to cross the Italian Aleatiko and the French Zeibel. So in 1969 was received "Viorica." After 21 years it was zoned.
It is noteworthy that with two red “parents” (one with black berries and the other with dark blue), a white variety was bred. In the USSR, mainly simple table wines were produced from it, considering this variety to be unsuitable for elite alcohol. Years later, the technology of wine making stepped forward, and now "Viorica" is experiencing a rebirth. From this variety produce already wine "more difficult." The drinks have a golden-lemon color, with an amber tint, and the taste is distinguished by fullness and harmonious acidity.
"Viorica" - one of the representatives of mid-season varieties.It takes 150 days to fully mature. White berries with a peculiar "tan" do not differ in large size. They are rounded, with dense skin. The fruits form a medium-sized cluster of conical shape. On a young shoot, there are usually no more than two, and on a mature shoot, up to four. The average weight of a bunch is 300 grams, one berry is 2 grams. Inside there are usually no more than three seeds. The leg at the bunch is rather long.
The variety has tall bushes, with a good growth force. Usually bears up to 90% of all shoots. Flowers bisexual.
The sheet has a medium size, with upward looking edges. The plate is distinguished by high dissection.
The pulp of berries has an average density. The taste is distinguished by a pronounced acidity and a bright floral aroma with a touch of nutmeg. Berries are ideal for producing light, refreshing wines. In terms of taste, Viorica is a worthy competitor to the Muscat varieties, as well as Torrontes and Albarino.
Features of growing
According to the breeding hierarchy, the variety belongs to interspecific hybrids. Grapes "Viorica" love gardeners primarily for simplicity. It is resistant to negative temperatures. The variety is most adapted to the climatic conditions of Moldova.Record harvests are collected there even in very dry summers. The Vioriki bushes damaged by frost are quickly restored.
The hybrid is resistant to some traditional ailments, including gray rot, powdery mildew. Due to this variety is economical in terms of growing. Gardeners do not have to spend money to buy special tools for processing. If you look on the other hand, without the use of pesticides, the crop is also environmentally friendly. Experienced gardeners still recommend twice grape planting for fungus diseases for prevention purposes twice a season.
On the bush should be left no more than 50-55 eyes. Fruits are recommended to cut short vines, leaving no more than 6 eyes.
Subsequent care for the variety is reduced to watering and dressing.