What do lions eat?

Anna Kitaychik
Anna Kitaychik
December 19, 2014
What do lions eat?

Lions are large predatory animals, characterized by incredible strength, dexterity and endurance. Many are interested in the question of what lions eat. Consider it in more detail.

Food in the wild

Of course, the basis of their diet - meat. Most often, lions feed on buffalo, warthogs, zebras and wildebeest.

In the absence of large prey, lions do not disdain gazelles, small predators, domestic herbivores, and other small animals. At a very difficult time, animals that died from diseases or old age or food taken from other predators are suitable for food.

It happened that in hungry dry times, lions attacked similar animals like cheetahs, hyenoid dogs and panthers. Nature has so conceived that absolutely any meat is suitable for lions to survive in the wild.

Lions in nature hunt in packs. Their actions are accurate and well coordinated, but despite this, predators try not to attack large animals: rhinos, elephants, giraffes and hippos. Lions understand that such a hunt can result in serious injuries, and even losses.

To feed, an adult lion needs to eat about 7-9 kg of meat per day, while the lioness needs only 5 kg. And this is taking into account that it is the females who are the food getters in the pride.

Food in captivity

In the zoo, the lion is given fresh meat, most often lean beef, and 2 times a week - "live food" (dead chicken or rabbits). For good digestion, a predator in captivity adds raw meat, vegetable oil and grain sprouts or simple bran to meat once a week. Several times a month make fasting day. As a rule, animals raised in captivity weigh significantly more than wild lions.