What is Christianity?
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There are several world religions: Christianity, Buddhism, Islam. Christianity is the most common of them. Consider what Christianity is, how this creed arose and what are its characteristics.
Christianity is a world religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, described in the New Testament of the Bible. Jesus plays the role of the Messiah, the Son of God and the Savior of the people. Christianity is divided into three main branches: Catholicism, Orthodoxy and Protestantism. Adherents of this faith are called Christians - there are about 2.3 billion of them in the world.
Christianity: the emergence and spread of
This religion appeared in Palestine in the first century. n er the Jews during the reign of the Old Testament. Then this religion appeared as a dogma addressed to all the humiliated people who wanted justice.
Story of Jesus Christ
The basis of religion was messianism - hope for the savior of the world from all the bad things in the world. It was believed that he should have been selected and sent down to earth by God. Jesus Christ became such a savior.The appearance of Jesus Christ is associated with legends from the Old Testament about the coming of the Messiah to Israel, freeing people from all bad things and establishing a new righteous order of life.
There are different data about the pedigree of Jesus Christ, there are various disputes about its existence. Christian believers hold the following position: Jesus gave birth to the Immaculate Virgin Mary of the Holy Spirit in the city of Bethlehem. On his birthday Jesus was worshiped by the three wise men as the future king of the Jews. Then the parents took Jesus to Egypt, and after Herod’s death, the family moved back to Nazareth. At 12, during Easter, he lived in the temple for three days, talking with the scribes. At 30 he was baptized in the Jordan. Before starting to serve the community, Jesus kept the fast for 40 days.
The ministry itself began with the selection of the Apostles. Then Jesus began to work miracles, the first of which is the transformation of water into wine at a wedding feast. Then he spent a long time engaged in the preaching work in Israel, during which he performed many miracles, among which was the healing of many sick people. Jesus Christ preached for three years, until Judas Iscariot, one of the disciples, betrayed him for thirty pieces of silver, surrendering to the Jewish authorities.
The Sanhedrin condemned Jesus, choosing crucifixion as punishment. Jesus died and was buried in Jerusalem. However, after his death on the third day he was resurrected, and when 40 days had passed, he ascended into heaven. On Earth, Jesus left behind his disciples who spread Christianity throughout the world.
Initially, Christianity spread in Palestine and the Mediterranean, but from the first decades, thanks to the work of the Apostle Paul, it became popularized in the provinces among different nations.
As the state religion, Christianity was first adopted by Great Armenia in 301, in the Roman Empire it happened in 313.
Until the 5th century, Christianity spread in the following states: the Roman Empire, Armenia, Ethiopia, Syria. In the second half of the first millennium, Christianity began to spread among the Slavic and Germanic peoples, in the XIII-XIV centuries. - Finnish and Baltic. Later, missionaries and colonial expansion were involved in the popularization of Christianity.
Features of Christianity
In order to better understand what is Christianity, it is necessary to take a closer look at some points related to it.
Understanding of God
Christians honor the one God who created humans and the universe. Christianity is a monotheistic religion, but God combines the three (the Holy Trinity): it is the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Trinity is one.
The Christian God is the perfect Spirit, intelligence, love, and goodness.
Understanding a person in Christianity
The soul of man is immortal, he himself is created in the image and likeness of God. The purpose of human life is spiritual perfection, living according to God's commandments.
The first people — Adam and Eve — were sinless, but the Devil seduced Eve, and she ate an apple from the tree of the knowledge of Good and Evil. Thus the man fell, and after that the men worked tirelessly, and the women gave birth to children in torment. People began to die, and after the death of their souls went to Hell. Then God sacrificed his son, Jesus Christ, to save the righteous people. Since then, their souls after death go not to Hell, but to Paradise.
For God, all people are equal. Depending on how a person lives his life, he goes to Heaven (for the righteous), to Hell (for sinners), or to Purgatory, where sinful souls are cleansed.
Spirit dominates matter. A person lives in the material world while achieving an ideal destination. It is important to strive for harmony of the material and the spiritual.
Bible and Sacraments
The main book for Christians is the Bible. It consists of the Old Testament, inherited from the Jews, and the New Testament, created by the Christians themselves. Believers should live according to what the Bible teaches.
Sacraments are also used in Christianity. These include baptism - initiation, as a result of which the human soul is united with God. Another sacrament is communion, when a person needs to taste the bread and wine that personify the body and blood of Jesus Christ. This is necessary for Jesus to "live" in man. In Orthodoxy and Catholicism, five more sacraments are used: anointing, ordination, church marriage, and unction.
Sins in Christianity
All Christian faith is based on. By violating them, a person commits mortal sins, which destroys himself. Mortal sin is the one that hardens a person, alienates from God, does not cause the desire to repent. In the Orthodox tradition, the first type of mortal sins are those that entail others. These are the seven known deadly sins: fornication, covetousness, gluttony, pride, anger, despondency, envy. Also to this group of sins can be attributed spiritual laziness.
The second type is sins against the Holy Spirit. These are sins committed contrary to God. For example, the hope of the goodness of God with the unwillingness to follow the righteous life, the lack of repentance, the struggle with God, anger, envy of the spirituality of others, etc. This also includes the blasphemy against the Holy Spirit.
The third group is sins "crying out to heaven." These are “Sodom’s sin,” murder, insulting parents, oppressing beggars, widows and orphans, etc.
It is believed that you can be saved by repentance, so believers go to church, where they confess their sins and promise not to repeat them. The method of purification, for example, is confession. Prayers are also used. What is prayer in Christianity? It is a way to communicate with God. There are many prayers for different occasions, each of which is suitable for a particular situation. You can say the prayers in any form, asking God for something intimate. Before uttering a prayer, you need to repent of your sins.