What is flora?
The concept of "flora" originated in ancient Rome. In the Roman pantheon was the goddess of flowers and spring flowering - Flora. The Romans believed that it was she who was responsible for the welfare of all plants.
Today the name of this goddess has become a biological term. In the middle of the 17th century, the Polish botanist Mikhail Boim introduced it into scientific use in the middle of the 17th century.So, in botany, flora is understood as the totality of plant species that are common in a certain territory and have developed historically, for example, the flora of Sweden or the flora of the desert. .
The botanical section that studies these sets of plant species is called floristics. Interestingly, botanists do not carry plants living in an artificial climate (greenhouses, room, greenhouse) to flora. Therefore, it is not entirely correct to call a florist a person who grows flowers in a greenhouse.
True, the term is interpreted in the most general sense. And the fact that such a flora is often understood as all types of plants on the planet.
In addition, the term "flora" is used to characterize microorganisms inherent in certain organs of animals.For example, the microflora of the skin or intestinal microflora.
Having found out what the flora is, let's move on to its classification.
To make it easier for scientists to describe individual groups of plants, some special names have been adopted. Examples:
- Brioflora - moss flora;
- Mycoflora - lichen flora;
- Algoflora - algae flora;
- Dendroflora is a flora of woody plants.
To study the flora, there are various methods: geographical, genetic and age analyzes. They allow for some kind of inventory among plants for further study, preservation and crossing of species.
Now you know what a flora is.