What is pigment?
Virtually every object in nature has a color. The presence of color in general and in certain parts of the body, for example, in living organisms, be it a person, an animal or a plant, is determined by special pigments. Next, let's talk about what pigment is and why else it may be needed.
Pigment (from lat. Pigmentum) literally means "paint". In broad use, pigment refers to a substance or group of compounds used in an organic or inorganic medium as a dye.
In the environment of inorganic pigments there are such pigments, which, in addition to color, can be responsible for other properties, for example, for resisting corrosion or achieving opacity. Also, the presence of inorganic pigments can cause a film or other coating to form on the surface. Such a manifestation of pigments can be found in paints and varnishes.
As for organic pigments, they are found everywhere.Enough to pay attention to your hair color, skin or eyes. In the leaves of plants, the most famous pigment is chlorophyll, which is of great importance for their nutrition in the process of photosynthesis.