What is soy?
Soybean (another name for it is Chinese oil pea) is becoming increasingly common around the world. This is due to the ease of its cultivation and the wide scope of its fruits. Soy can be found as a separate ingredient, as a soy product, or as an additive to other food products. Let's look at what soy is.
Soy is an erect plant belonging to the legume family. East Asia is home to soybeans, but is grown in many countries. Plant height can reach 200 cm. The root system is pivotal. The leaves of the plant are trifoliate, that is, they consist of three plates. Flowers appear in the leaf axils. Most often they are pollinated independently. After pollination, the pod grows, which can contain 2-3 seeds of spherical shape. The color of the beanseed peel can be varied, but more often it is yellowish-brown.
The benefits of soy
The composition of soy is represented by protein (about 40%), fats, carbohydrates, ashes and fiber.Soybeans contain isoflavones, which help to stop the development of some cancerous forms. Also in soy is genistein, which can prevent the development of cancer and some cardiovascular diseases. Phytic acid in soy also contributes to the inhibition of tumor growth.
Proteins contained in soy are as nutritious as animal fats. The content of vitamins, macro-and micronutrients, lecithin, choline makes soybeans the most valuable product.
With what soybean looks like and how useful it is, we figured it out, now consider what products are made from it.
The popularity of soy is such that it is used in the production of a variety of products. So, soy in large quantities is added to sausages.
Soy milk and cream are made from soy, they can be used in soups and coffee, and this does not spoil their taste at all.
Very popular is soy sauce, which has a specific taste and is excellent for dishes, particularly salads.
Soy minced meat, butter, flour, tofu and even meat are products that have long been a symbol of a healthy lifestyle.By the way, soy meat is the first product that appeared on our domestic markets. Such meat was necessary to soak for a while, and then fry.
Now you know what soy is, how it is useful and where it is applied.