What to eat in the forest?
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Forest - a favorite vacation spot for the majority of the adult population of our country. Especially popular are hiking, tourism, mushroom hunting, fishing on forest lakes - away from noise and civilization. Every year, hundreds of thousands of people with different goals are in the forests and mountains, on the lakes. But hardly anyone seriously thinks about the fact that in the forest (especially in an unfamiliar) you can get lost. For information on what precautions to take in the forest, read the article What not to do in the forest.
Someone with a compass or navigator, someone is well-oriented on the ground. But still - the possibility of being lost is never completely ruled out.
Probably, few of us know how many days a person can live without food if he gets lost in the forest? Of course, this largely depends on the individual characteristics of the organism. In the face of hunger, a person spends his internal reserves, and can do it without much harm - attention! - up to forty days (of course, with sufficient fluid intake). There have been cases of fasting up to 80 days.Only after this irreversible processes occur in the human body. So if there is no food (in its absence), do not panic. Without food you can do at least a month. And the feeling of hunger will be helped to overcome by drinking enough water (up to 500 ml).
Food: animal food
What to eat in the forest if you are a hunter or fisher? You can try to get animal food: catch a small animal, bird or fish. Provided, of course, that you have certain skills. For birds, it is best to install snares, fish to catch with the help of fishing line with a hook or improvised mesh. In addition, you must have at least some knife or its likeness to gut and clean the captured. Since few people are able to eat, for example, raw fish, you will also have to make a fire and cook the catch.
Food: Vegetable Food
In the forest there are a lot of plants that produce edible fruits at different times of the year: wild rose, honeysuckle, mountain ash, wild berries. It is advisable to undergo training in advance in order to learn to recognize edible ones. The same applies to mushrooms, which in summer and autumn in the forest quite a lot.All this can be consumed raw, and you can, for example, cook mushroom broth - it will be more satisfying and tasty. In the food is also used the stems and roots of some plants, for example, arrowhead. The larvae and pupae of insects, worms, and snails, although not related to plant foods, can also be successfully used as food. The main thing is to overcome the feeling of disgust. Ant eggs (that is, pupae), which are very high in calories and even tasty, are considered as a special delicacy. They are located in anthills near the surface and look like small rice grains. In order to get them, you need to find an anthill, spread a piece of fabric next to a meter by a meter, having tucked the edges. Remove the top of the anthill and sprinkle it around the perimeter with a thin layer. Half an hour later, the ants drag all the pupae under the edge of the fabric, saving them from the sun.
This is the most important product for life. It should always be remembered that without water a person (and even then a well-prepared one) can do it all in three to five days. Therefore, it is so necessary, if your water is over, to find it as soon as possible. Well, when there are a lake, a river, a spring. Then the problem is solved immediately.If not, you can try to collect dew. To do this, the tree trunk must be wrapped in a rag or cloth. The dew forming on the tree will condense there. In the morning to squeeze the fabric - there will be some water. You can also use rainwater. To do this, dig a hole in the soil and cover it with waterproof material or leaves. Rainwater is collected there and can also be used. Read more about how to get water in the forest.
Remember that for normal life a person needs up to two liters of water per day (in extreme cases - a liter). This is the minimum dose that you must collect in any way. After the water is collected, it is desirable to boil it (if you have the opportunity to make a fire).