What to read to children?
The choice of a book primarily depends on the age of the reader, so let's see what children read when they go through one or another stage of their development ...
What to read to children from 0 to 2 years
At this stage of the book should contain a lot of pictures and little text. Simple Russian folk tales will suit: "Kolobok", "Kurochka-Ryaba", "Repka", "Teremok". In these fairy tales, simple language, as well as many rhymes and repetitions, which the child easily remembers. It is good to tell the child to make pies, simple poems, countings ("The forty-raven cooked porridge ...", "Cockerel-cockerel, golden scallop ..."). The kid at this age will be interested in interactive books, which are now produced a huge amount. In such books, various sound and tactile effects are used, they are equipped with light bulbs, made of various materials - all this will stimulate the child's earlier development.
What to read to children from 2 to 3 years
In general, the literature remains the same, but poems can be taken more complicated, for example, the works of Agnes Barto ("Toys", "Who else shouts ..."). Read poems and tales many times, children love to listen to what is familiar to them. Give the child the opportunity to tell a verse or fairy tale himself, using reference pictures.When reading it is important to pay attention not only to the development of speech skills, but also to establish and maintain emotional contact with the baby. In this you will be helped by the use of finger games, accompanied by poems ("finger boy, where you were ...", "palms, palms ...") and pamphlets, which are accompanied by certain movements ("bear clumsy in the forest goes ... “) These exercises are also good because they stimulate such an important function as imitation in a child - because it is thanks to her that the child learns to speak.
What to read to children from 3 to 4 years
At this age, visibility is still important, the child is still small, but the books are getting a little longer, the relationship between the characters is more complicated. Read the poems of Samuel Marshak ("Poodle", "Mustache - striped") and Korney Chukovsky ("Phone", "Aibolit", "Fedorino Gore", "Moidodyr") and Russian fairy tales about animals ("The Wolf and the Seven Little Kids", "Crane and Fox", "Masha and the Bear", etc.)
What to read to children from 4 to 5 years
The vocabulary of the child is already quite large and the choice of literature is quite wide. It is better to read fairy tales, where there is nothing scary, frightening. Stories should have a good ending - it will give the child a sense of reliability, will relieve from fears. Therefore, fairy tales are better left on a late period.Recommended works for this period: the stories of Nosov, Lilian Muur "Little Raccoon", poems and fables by Sergei Mikhalkov.
What to read to children from 5 to 6 years
Choose books with a more complex subject line, long dialogues, descriptions of nature, people, objects appear. Encourage your child to tell or retell fairy tales in your own words - this will greatly help in the development of speech and memory. You can include magic fairy tales, works by Charles Perrault, the Brothers Grimm, fairy tales of the peoples of the world in children's presentation. Proceed from the abilities of the child and his level of development.
When discussing a work with a child, pay attention to the relationship of the characters, their personal qualities, but in a simple language for the child (the wolf is evil, bad; the fairy is good, good).
What to read to children from 6 to 7 years
The child comes close to the stage when he begins to read. It is not so important exactly when it happens - at 6, at 7, or even at 8 years old. It is important to form the right attitude towards reading in the child, not to discourage the child from reading. Therefore, do not overwork the child, and especially do not force him to read! Interest in his reading, open the door to the fascinating world of books,adventure and magic! When a child can read himself, he will gladly reread the fairy tales and poems that you have read to him before and which he has loved. Perhaps, after re-reading them, the child will discover something new!
Recommended literature for this period:
- Russian fairy tales: "Sivka-Burka", "Finist the Clear Falcon", "Frost", "The Frog Princess", etc.
- Arabic: "Aladdin's Magic Lamp", "Sinbad the Sailor", a thousand and one nights tales ...
- A. Tolstoy "The Golden Key or the Adventures of Buratino," Nikolai Nosov "The Adventures of Dunno and His Friends."
- Fairy tales G.H. Andersen, etc.
What to read to children from 7 to 8 years
During this period, an important event happens - the child goes to school. Therefore, the child also reads the literature prescribed by the school curriculum. In literature classes, teachers instill in children a love of reading, introduce prose and poetry to Russian and foreign authors. Children are already independently able to choose books that interest them. Parents also need to be involved in shaping the literary tastes of children. Sample literature:
- works by Bazhov.
- THIS. Hoffman "The Nutcracker and the Mouse King".
- Alan Milne "Winnie the Pooh and everything, everything, everything."
- S. Aksakov "The Scarlet Flower", R. Kipling "Mowgli".
What to read to children from 8 to 9 years
New interests of the child influence the choice of literature. The works are long, their structure is complex. The heroes of the books are facing a moral choice. The child makes this choice with them. Parents need to explain whether the hero is doing the right thing in a given situation and why he is doing it. When discussing a book, you need to let your child speak, listen carefully to him, without imposing his opinion. A child learns to formulate his thoughts correctly, to argue his point of view. Literature:
- Selma Lagerlöf "Wonderful Journey of Niels with Wild Geese".
- Lewis Carroll "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. Alice through the looking glass."
What to read to children from 9 to 10 years
At this age, the child is interested in literature, where there is a conflict, and the plot is complex, ornate. The books contain the thoughts of the author and the characters, detailed descriptions of nature, as well as feelings and experiences of the characters. The situation is shown not unequivocally, but from the positions of different heroes. These books are difficult to understand, so it is better to read them with the child, even if he reads himself well. Literature:
- Anthony Pogorelsky "Black Chicken, or Underground Residents".
- Vitaly Gubarev "Kingdom of crooked mirrors".