When is Easter?
The coming of spring into our life is accompanied not only by a new rebirth of nature, but also by a large number of national, state, and religious holidays. This is an uplifting mood and tone of the population after the winter cold. Easter or the Resurrection of Christ is the most important holiday for Christians. The most solemn service and the maximum scope of folk festivals occur when Easter is celebrated.
Symbols and customs of Christian Easter
The name of the holiday comes from the Jewish word "Pesach", meaning "to pass." Christian Easter honors with its meaning the story of the betrayal of Jesus, his crucifixion and the miraculous resurrection. This explains the traditional Easter greeting, which is customary to say to each other on this day: “Christ is Risen!”, The answer is “Truly Risen!”, Followed by the procedure of triple kissing. When they celebrate Easter, it is customary to exchange holiday symbols.
Traditional symbols of Easter carry the meaning of renewal, light and life. These are streams, fire, Easter cakes, eggs and hares.
For the masses, the day is close to the triumph of a breakthrough after the previous Great Lent, a time of abstinence.By tradition, all the holidays that occurred at that time, including family ones, were transferred to the day of the celebration of Easter.
What day is Easter celebrated?
The most difficult thing for a modern Orthodox Christian is to withstand Lent before Easter and determine when Easter is in the new year. Everyone knows that the Resurrection of Christ is not celebrated on a certain day, but falls on the period of spring from April to May.
Easter must necessarily occur on the first Sunday after the day of the spring full moon. This is the first spring full moon after the vernal equinox. The date is determined by the ratio of the lunar and solar calendars and the exact day of the week. This is the whole complexity of the calculation.
Christianity is not unanimous in celebration. The day when Easter is celebrated in Orthodoxy rarely coincides with the Catholic celebration. This is due to the fact that the Orthodox conduct calculations on the Alexandrian Paschalia (the method of calculating the day of Easter), based on the Julian calendar. Catholics also use the Gregorian Paschal for their calculations. Different Easter Eggs determine the different date of the church full moon and the difference of solar calendars.Because of this, in almost half the cases, Catholics celebrate Easter a week earlier, but coincidence of dates also happens.
Passover symbolizes the beginning of spring and freedom, as it is associated with the exodus of Jews from Egypt. It is called Pesach, and the date when Easter is held by the Jews is determined solely by the Jewish calendar. The calendar is lunar-solar and the months in it begin strictly at the new moon. Jewish Easter is celebrated on the 14th day (full moon) of the first month of the Jewish calendar - Nisan. In relation to the Gregorian calendar, Nisan falls in April-May. The specific chronology of the Jews leads to the celebration of Easter in the same period as the Christian Paschal, but with a difference in the exact date. When the Jews celebrate Easter, the celebration lasts a whole week.