When should a child be vaccinated?

Elena Shchugoreva
Elena Shchugoreva
February 28, 2013
When should a child be vaccinated?

Every mother wants her child not to be ill. In the modern world, those terrible diseases that have claimed many lives in the Middle Ages, which were common in the 18th and 19th centuries, are already absent. These are plague, anthrax, diphtheria, as well as tuberculosis, polio, whooping cough, and rubella that appeared in later periods. The situation was fundamentally corrected with the development of medicine, when vaccination was invented and became compulsory for the entire population. Now there are many of her opponents, as well as adherents, but every mommy should definitely know when to vaccinate a child and which ones.

Vaccination schedule up to a year

Vaccinations of the population of the Russian Federation are made in accordance with the National immunization schedule, which was approved by the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation back in 2007.

In the first hours of the life of a newborn baby, he is given the first vaccination. He is vaccinated against hepatitis B.Then, between 3 and 7 days of life, the baby is vaccinated against tuberculosis. At the age of 1 month, the child is re-vaccinated against viral hepatitis B. And at 3 months, the baby is given the first comprehensive vaccination with one vaccine of several diseases - diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio. Repeated the same vaccination is carried out in a month and a half, that is, at the age of 4.5 months. And at 6 months, it is necessary to make the third comprehensive vaccination, together with vaccination against viral hepatitis B. The next vaccination of the child will be expected only at 1 year, at this age you can vaccinate the baby against mumps, measles, rubella. These are the vaccinations for children up to a year.

Vaccination schedule after year

At the very youngest age, two more vaccinations will be given to the child: at 18 months the first revaccination against pertussis, polio, diphtheria and tetanus will take place, and at 20 months it is necessary to carry out the second revaccination against polio. The rest of the vaccinations are given to children as early as 6 years. Young mothers should remember that there are serious contraindications to vaccines on a standard plan, which require the installation of an individual schedule for the child.This happens if the baby was born prematurely, weighing less than 2 kg 300 g, as a result of childbirth with complications, if at birth the baby got sick with the jaundice of newborns. Then the first vaccination is done to the child no earlier than six months.

Vaccinations after 6 years

At the age of 6, a child undergoes revaccination against measles, rubella, and parotiditis. At the age of 7, two revaccinations are taking place - against tuberculosis and tetanus, diphtheria. At the age of 14, it will be necessary to undergo revaccination against tetanus, diphtheria and polio, as well as against tuberculosis.